Urology Health

Urology deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra) and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis)

Anatomy and physiology of the urinary system

Anatomy and physiology of the urinary system

Introduction Our urinary system carries out one of the most vital functions of our body. It makes urine and helps in excretion of urine. The components of the urinary system control the entire process.  We shall explore the details in the following content. Functions of the urinary system The main… Read more »

Protein in urine: When to See Doctor, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Protein in urine: When to See Doctor, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

When the kidneys are functioning correctly, then no protein will pass through the urine. The presence of protein (albumin) in urine marks abnormality in the kidneys, wherein they are unable to retain the protein in the body, as a consequence of which it gets filtered in the urine. When protein… Read more »

Creatinine Clearance test

Creatinine Clearance test

What is a Creatinine Clearance test? Creatinine is produced normally in the body as a by-product of normal muscle breakdown. It is then removed from the bloodstream by the kidneys. This is an ongoing process within the body, and any variation indicates some problem. The Creatinine Clearance test measures the… Read more »

Diabetes and kidney disease: Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Diabetes and kidney disease: Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Kidney disease is linked to people who have diabetes. This is because increased blood sugar levels affect the normal functioning of the kidneys, leading to kidney disease development.  So what happens exactly? We explain it to you over here. What are the symptoms of kidney disease in diabetics?  An individual… Read more »

Kidney Function Tests: Who Should go for it. Results interpretation

Kidney Function Tests: Who Should go for it. Results interpretation

What are Kidney Function Tests? Kidney Function tests are designed to measure the efficiency of the kidneys. The kidneys’ primary functions are to filter out waste products and regulate the level of essential salts along with water in the body. Therefore, the rising levels of these products indicate how well… Read more »

Urodynamic testing: What is it. Procedure & Results

Urodynamic testing: What is it. Procedure & Results

What is Urodynamic Testing? Urodynamic testing is the name given to a group of tests carried out to check the working of the lower urinary tract, mainly the functioning of the bladder, sphincters, and the urethra.  These are: Uroflowmetry: This test measures the volume of urine released from the bladder… Read more »

Cystoscopy – What is it. Who should go for it?  Procedure & Results

Cystoscopy – What is it. Who should go for it? Procedure & Results

What is Cystoscopy? Cystoscopy is an invasive procedure in which a cystoscope, a thin tube, is inserted in the bladder through the urethra to examine the insides of the bladder and the urethra.  The tube, which has a lens for viewing, may be flexible or rigid. Though the flexible cystoscope… Read more »

End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD): What is ESRD, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD): What is ESRD, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

End-stage renal disease is where one or both kidneys are on the brink of complete cessation of function.  Let us talk more about this severe progressive condition in the following paragraphs. What is End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)? End-stage renal disease is a severe condition where one or both kidneys stop… Read more »

Kidney Infection or pyelonephritis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment.

Kidney Infection or pyelonephritis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment.

In medical terms kidney infection is called as pyelonephritis. It is a bacterial infection of the kidney. Overview of kidney infection Renal infection or kidney infection or pyelonephritis, is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI). It is usually caused by bacteria, a type called E. coli. The infection begins… Read more »

Blood in Urine (Hematuria): Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Blood in Urine (Hematuria): Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Blood in urine is medically known as hematuria. There are many causes of blood in urine. This is not a condition in itself, but a symptom of other underlying conditions. In some cases, it does not indicate anything serious, but in certain cases, it is an indication of a serious… Read more »

Kidney disease: Types, Symptoms. Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Kidney disease: Types, Symptoms. Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Kidney disease is primarily of the nephrons (they filter blood inside the kidney). When the nephrons are damaged, waste products begin to accumulate inside body leading to swelling and complete loss of kidney function. What are the different types of kidney disease? Chronic kidney disease: Kidney function is impaired and… Read more »

Kidney stone: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Kidney stone: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Overview of kidney stone Kidney stones occur in a disorder known as urolithiasis, which is characterized by the formation of one or more calcified crystals in the kidneys. These crystals are commonly referred as stones and are associated with pain in the abdominal and groin region. Kidney stones are observed… Read more »

Urinary tract infections (UTIs): Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Urinary tract infections (UTIs): Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Overview of urinary tract infections Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections observed in women. Young and elderly women, and those undergoing certain procedures of the genitourinary tract are affected frequently. In case of men, older individuals are more commonly affected than young adults. In… Read more »

Urinary Incontinence: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Urinary Incontinence: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Introduction to urinary incontinence Urinary incontinence (UI) refers to the involuntary release of urine that may occur as a result of physiologic, pharmacologic, pathologic or psychological factors. The loss of urine is visible in the affected individuals and may pose a social or hygienic problem. Women are affected about three… Read more »

Kidney (Renal) failure: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Kidney (Renal) failure: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Alternative names: Acute kidney injury, Acute renal failure, Renal failure, ARF Overview of kidney failure Kidney failure refers to the rapid decrease (within a few days to weeks) in the functioning of the kidneys resulting in an inability to clear nitrogenous wastes, concentrate urine, conserve electrolytes and maintain fluid balance… Read more »