As the name suggests seasonal allergies are those acquired during a particular season due an outdoor trigger like pollen, pet dander, pollutants, etc. Some allergies could be perennial while other may be evident during spring, summers, fall or rainy season.
What causes seasonal allergies?
The spring season is the most favourable time for allergies because flowers begin to blossom and pollens get scattered which trigger allergy in children and adults. Such allergies are popular as hay fever or allergic rhinitis.
During summer, allergy is often contracted from grass and weed pollens and cockroaches. Furthermore, seasonal allergies occur mostly during windy and dry weather conditions as pollens get carried easily. Damp and wet climate often invites mold and mites allergy.
Another type of allergy that you can acquire in any season is from pet dander.
What are the symptoms of seasonal allergies?
You can identify the symptoms very easily. They typically are:
- Bouts of sneezing
- Itchy, runny and redness in nose
- Discomfort in throat
- Allergic conjunctivitis
- Red watery eyes
- Nasal congestion
Furthermore, if you listen to wheezing sound from the nose while your child is sleeping or he/she experiences shortness in breath, then the allergy could have possibly caused asthma.
Are there any complications of seasonal allergies?
If you or your child has a highly sensitive immune system, then failing to get proper treatment on time might lead to severe ear infection, sinus infections and asthma attacks
When to see a doctor?
If the symptoms persist more than three days, then you should take your child or see yourself to a doctor. Immediate medical check up is required if the patient has a history of asthma.
Diagnosis of seasonal allergies
Seasonal allergies can be identified easily from the symptoms. Your doctor will check your nose, throat, eyes and sinuses as well. Your pulse and breathing will also be evaluated.
Furthermore, you might have to undergo a skin allergen patch test or intradermal test to identify which allergen has triggered the allergic response.
Treatment of seasonal allergies
Your doctor will aim at treating the allergy and manage the symptoms at the same time. Oral antihistamines or allergy shots may be given to combat the allergy.
Apart from that, your doctor would also recommend nasal decongestants, nasal sprays or cough syrups to offer your some degree of relief. The symptoms go away within a week.
At home you can inhale the steam from boiling water mixed with peppermint oil. Have warm green tea, ginger tea and soups to comfort your throat. You can also irrigate your nose with stream of saline water.
How protect yourself from seasonal allergies?
- Wash your hands frequently with antiseptic or soap water
- Identify the trigger and protect yourself from it
- Cover your face, especially your nose and mouth while stepping out
- Make sure your house is free from pollens, mold, dander, mites and other allergens. You can use a HEPA filter for this purpose.
- Avoid contact with people suffering from cold and flu when you are vulnerable to allergies.
- Boost your immunity by consuming citrus fruits and flavonoids enriched fruits and vegetables like apples, blueberries, carrots, tomatoes, etc.
- You can consume a slice or raw turmeric root or add pinches of turmeric powder in your food.
Take proper care and protect yourself from seasonal allergies!